Diabetes mellitus is a condition that occurs when you have high sugar levels in the blood that cannot enter the cells. If left untreated; serious long-term complications can occur including heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, foot ulcers and damage to the eyes. There are several types of diabetes, but the most common form is called type 2 diabetes.

High blood sugar leads to symptoms such as frequent urination, extreme thirst, increase hunger and unexplained weight loss. Additional signs include sores that heal slowly, dry skin, loss of feeling or tingling in the feet and blurry vision.

Prevention of the disease involves the following:

  • Maintaining a healthy and well balanced diet
  • Staying physically active
  • Not using tobacco
  • Avoid sugary drinks, and consume sweets in moderation
  • Having a normal body weight
  • Controlling your triglycerides levels
  • Coping with stress